The correct housing is essential for reptiles, otherwise health problems will occur. Reptiles should not be kept in wire cages as injuries can result. The correct type of wood, glass or plastic enclosures must be used. Correct temperatures are very important and some reptiles need to bask under a carefully regulated heat lamp. The heat lamp must out of the animal's reach to prevent burns. Reptiles require exposure to unfiltered (not through plastic or glass) natural sunlight every day, as they need UV light to produce vitamin D3 for calcium metabolism. UV lamps may be used as an alternative, but these need to replacedregularly as the UV emissions decrease after 3-6 months.
Humidity, ventilation and lighting need to be carefully proportioned and monitored.
Space should be adequate to allow the animal to move about, explore and get some exercise. The floor of the enclosure may need to be a combination of sand, smooth gravel, leaf litter or absorbent paper. Introducing larger rocks and coarse gravel may be necessary to help with shedding old skin. Special allocations may be required to enable the animal to find a suitable area for brumation and rest.
Clean water must be constantly available for drinking and also for swimming or immersing to help regulate temperature and skin moisture.